Types of Corrugated Boxes, Uses, and Compatibility

Types of Corrugated Boxes, Uses, and Compatibility

Here at Wayne Automation, we’re focused on providing you with a complete picture for the applicability of our products. That is why we’re providing this explainer to discuss the different types of corrugated boxes, their applications, and how they fit into the systems we offer for your end-of-line packaging needs.

Back to Basics

 Flat stacked corrugated cardboard in a large warehouse

The cardboard cases, boxes, and trays we all know and love for their packaging applications begin with Kraft paper. This ubiquitous product is the result of the kraft process, which produces a stronger paper. Absent of dyes or bleach in the ways that printer papers are produced, it is also more cost effective.

Corrugated cardboard is formed by sandwiching two sheets of kraft paper over top of fluting, the ridged paper in the middle. Fluting acts to support weight, and will crush in the event of a fall to help absorb energy and protect your material. Corrugated products themselves can come in single, double and triple walled varieties, with variations in fluting ranging from 1/32” (F fluting) to ¼” (A fluting).

Types of Corrugated Boxes

The traditional corrugated cardboard box comes in a variety of different configurations, often delineated by the manner in which their tabs overlap.

  • A Regular Slotted Container (RSC) is the most common, featuring topmost flaps of equal length to meet in the middle, with a single identical pair on the bottom of the container.
  • A Half Slotted Container (HSC) is similar in construction to the RSC but without top flaps, for open storage of its contents.
  • All Flaps Meet, sometimes referred to as a Center Special Slotted Container (CSSC) is a variation on the RSC style, except both pairs of top flaps meet at the center of the container, providing an extra layer of strength, while the cardboard itself is also thickened.
  • 1-2-3 Bottom Container, also referred to as a Snap Container features 4 die cut flaps which form the bottom of the container. The name arises from how the flaps “snap” into place under pressure creatures byu the other panels. The bottom panel is not sealed, but holds itself together, and is an effective option for those who don’t wish to bottom seal their containers. Additional, 1-2-3 containers can be manufactured in RSC and other styles of top closure.
    Open top trays on a factory floor on conveyor belt

In addition to containers, trays and baskets are the other primary varieties of corrugated cardboard container. Octagonal bulk bins can be used for transporting large individual units, like watermelons at a supermarket.

Basket carriers and trays with internal partitioners are ideal for transporting beverages and glass bottles which risk bumping into one another. Trays may come in one or two-piece configurations and are sometimes referred to as Telescopic Boxes.

Industries and Applications

Every box has applications and industries for which it is especially well suited to:

  • Beverage packaging is perhaps our oldest industry and still one we service today. Beverage packaging makes heavy use of open topped trays with partitioners inserted in order to protect each individual drink.
  • Glass and Plastic packaging works along many of the same principles, but with an eye towards safety, as products may be especially delicate.
  • Petrochemical packaging relies on safe, sealed containers for transporting often volatile or corrosive materials, and so RSC’s, HSC’s and All Flaps Meet are common for this industry.
  • Food packaging runs the gamut from trays to cases, which is why we offer our wide array of machines to meet your packaging needs.

Machine Applicability

 Diagram describing types of cardboard fluting

There are many different types of corrugated boxes, and Wayne offers a full selection of products for every type of packaging need across every industry. For those needing basket carriers in the beverage industry, we offer fully-automated Basket Carrier Erectors and Inserters.

Our automatic case erectors and partition inserters easily handle every type of case described above, with many able to handle RSC, HSC, and All Flaps Meet. More unique case styles like Tablock can be accommodated by our MOD B, CE-20/30 and Tablock specialty case erectors. For trays, we offer a comprehensive lineup of tray formers, erecting single piece, telescoping, triple ended, and many more styles. Wayne’s JTF-10 is even available for pallet sized jumbo trays.

Contact Us

If you want to learn more about specific packaging configurations or how we can meet your needs, please reach out to us!

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